Last Updated: Mar 05, 2022

Thesis: The way an elite class pursues and practices leisure both reflects and forms the highest spiritual good of a civilization.

An unscholarly approach.

Ancient concept of otium


The role of leisure in the life of ancient elites

Otium in the Renaissance


Productivity as a modern spiritual discipline

Self-help, productivity porn, Cal Newport, immaterial productivity (most people are alienated from their labor in a physical sense.

In the world of busyness, leisure is subversive and approaches the heretical.

The disappearence of contemplative leisure among the modern elite

Alternatives to productivity: food, travel, philanthropy, status display

Employment and enslavement

Leisure as alternative to employment

Useless contemplative leisure in Against Nature